Dr Sarah Carr is Associate Professor of Mental Health Research. She has nearly 20 years experience of research, knowledge management and policy analysis in mental health and social care.
Sarah worked for the Social Care Institute of Excellence (SCIE) as a Senior Research Analyst and as interim Joint Head of Participation. Sarah has also worked in research and knowledge roles at the National Institute for Social Work, Oxleas NHS Trust and the Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health.
Sarah has particular expertise in service user participation, co-production and equality and has published widely on these topics. She was a member of the NIHR INVOLVE standing committee, supporting public and patient involvement in research. She has lived experience of mental health service use and was a member of the Guideline Development Group for NICE CG136: Service user experience in adult mental health.
Sarah also specialises in personalisation (person-centred practice and personal budgets), the social aspects of mental health, user and specialist community organisations, evidence-based practice, policy and research analysis and literature reviewing. In 2008 she authored Personalisation: A rough guide, a foundational policy implementation guide for the adult social care sector and led a five year personalisation work programme at the Social Care Institute for Excellence. In 2012, Sarah was a member of the NICE Topic Expert Group for the Dementia Social Care Quality Standard pilot.
Sarah holds Honorary academic posts including Senior Lecturer at the School for Social Policy, Birmingham and Visiting Fellow at the School of Social Policy and Social Work at York where she co-chairs the Lived Experience Advisory Panel at the International Centre for Mental Health Social Research. Sarah was formerly Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Government and Charity Management, Faculty of Business, London South Bank University. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts.
Sarah has taught on a number of post graduate courses, including:
PhD Examination for University of Newcastle, NSW, Australia, April 2012
Peer reviewed journal articles
Needham C & Carr S (2015) Micro-provision of social care support for marginalised communities: filling the gap or building bridges to the mainstream? Social Policy and Administration doi: 10.1111/spol.12114
Webber M, Treacy S, Carr S, Clark M & Parker G (2014) The effectiveness of personal budgets for people with mental health problems: a systematic review Journal of Mental Health 23 (3) pp.146-55
Carr S (2014) Implementare i Personal Budget per l'assistenza sociale: alcuni insegnamenti fondamentali dalle esperienze e dalle evidenze empiriche inglesi ed internazionali Sociologia e Politiche Sociali 16 (3) pp.79-109
Carr S (2011) Sarah Carr to replies to Glasby et al, 'A Beveridge report for the 21st century?' Policy & Politics 39 (4) pp.618-21
Carr S (2011) Enabling risk and ensuring safety: personal budgets and self directed support Journal of Adult Protection 13 (3) pp.122-136
Carr S (2011) Uniformity or equality? Integration, equity and the challenge of personalisation Journal of Integrated Care 19 (3) pp.42-47
Carr S (2011) Personal budgets and international contexts: Lessons from home and abroad Journal of Care Services Management 5 (1) pp.300-322
Carr S (2010) Remote or related? A mental health service user's perspective on leadership International journal of leadership in public services 6 (2) pp.20-24
Carr S (2010) Seldom heard or frequently ignored? Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) perspectives on mental health services Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care 3 (3) pp.14-25
Ross P D S & Carr S (2010) 'It shouldn't be down to luck': training for good practice with LGBT people – Social Care TV Diversity in health and care 7 (3) pp.211-216
Bowlam S, Carr S & Gilbert P (2010) The Partnership Project: learning from experts by experience in mental health services: the Jersey Partnership perspective International journal of leadership in public services 6 (2) pp.54-67
Carr S (2008) Sexuality and religion: A challenge for diversity strategies in UK social care service development and delivery Diversity in Health and Social Care 5 (2) pp.113-122
Carr S (2007) Participation, power, conflict and change: theorizing dynamics of service user participation in the social care system of England and Wales Critical Social Policy 27(2) pp.266-276
Carr S (2003) Duty of care: employment, mental health and disability Journal of mental health promotion 2(1) pp.16-23
Strathdee G, Jenkins R, Carr S, Rawaf S (1999) Equity in mental health: What public health practitioners should do Public Health Medicine 2 pp.61-67
Reports and monographs
Carr S (2014) Guide to co-production in mental health and social care Community Care Inform Adults (online resource)
Carr S (2014) HSMC Policy Paper 18: Social Care for Marginalised Communities: Balancing self-organisation, micro-provision and mainstream support (literature review) Birmingham: University of Birmingham
Carr S (2014) Pay, conditions and care quality in residential, nursing and domiciliary services York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation
Carr S & Ross P (2013) JRF Viewpoint Paper: Assessing current and future housing and support options for older LGB people York: JRF
Carr S (2013) Improving personal budgets for older people: a research overview London: SCIE
Routledge M & Carr S (2013) Improving personal budgets for older people: a review London: TLAP/SCIE
Carr S & Murdock A (2011) Personalisation, personal budgets and service user involvement in England: an opportunity to build community capacity and social enterprise? EMES Conferences Selected Papers Series, ECSP-R11-15
Carr S (2010) SCIE Report 37: Personalisation, productivity and efficiency London: SCIE
Carr S (2010) SCIE Report 36: Enabling risk, ensuring safety: Self-directed support and personal budgets London: SCIE
Needham C & Carr S (2009) SCIE Research Briefing 31: Co-production: an emerging evidence base for adult social care transformation London: SCIE
Carr S & Robbins D (2009) SCIE Research Briefing 20: The implementation of individual budget schemes in adult social care London: SCIE
Carr S (2008) Personalisation: a rough guide London: SCIE (2nd revised edition 2010, 3rd revised digital edition 2012)
Carr S & Coren E (eds.) (2007) Collection of examples of service user and carer participation in systematic reviews London: SCIE
Tew, J, Gould N, Abankwa D, Barnes H, Beresford P, Carr S, Copperman J, Ramon S, Rose D, Sweeney A & Woodward L (2006) Values and methodologies for social research in mental health Bristol: Policy Press.
Carr S (2004) SCIE Position Paper 3: Has service user participation made a difference to social care services? London: SCIE/Policy Press.
Carr S & Bostock L (2014) Appraising the quality of evidence In Webber M (ed) Applying research evidence in social work practice Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan
Carr S (2014) Making it real: from PPF to TLAP In Needham C & Glasby J (eds) Debates in personalisation Bristol: Policy Press pp.25-36
Carr S (2013) Personalisation, participation and policy construction: a critique of influences and understandings In Beresford P (ed) Critical and radical debates in social work: Personalisation Basingstoke: Palgrave
Carr S (2013) Individual narratives and collective knowledge: capturing lesbian, gay and bisexual service user experiences In Staddon P (ed) Mental health service users in research: critical sociological perspectives Bristol: Policy Press pp. 135-153
Carr S (2013) Complexity and bureaucracy: anti-oppression, intersectionality and the challenge of sexual orientation In Hafford-Letchfield P & Cocker C (eds) Rethinking anti-discriminatory practice, diversity and equality in social work Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan pp.140-153
Carr S (2013) Out and equal: towards mental health equality for lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) people in Sewell H (ed.) A handbook of equality and mental health London: Jessica Kingsley pp.118-138
Carr S (2011) A chance to cut is a chance to cure': self harm and self protection – a gay perspective in Hafford-Letchfield P & Dunk-West P (eds.) Sexual identities and sexuality in social work: research and reflections from women in the field Farnham: Ashgate pp.31-45
Carr S (2011) Mental health and the sexual, religious and spiritual identities of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people in Gilbert P (ed.) Spirituality and mental health Brighton: Pavilion Publishing pp.335-352
Brand D & Carr S (2010) Chapter 14: The person on the receiving end in Webber M & Nathan J (eds) Reflective practice in mental health London: Jessica Kingsley pp.244-254
Carr S (2005) 'The sickness label infected everything we said': lesbian and gay perspectives on mental distress in Tew J (ed.) Social perspectives in mental health London: Jessica Kingsley pp.168-183
Beresford P & Carr S (eds.) (2012) Research highlights in social work 55: Social Care, Service Users and User Involvement London: Jessica Kingsley
Carr S & Fisher M (2009) Oxford Bibliographies Online: Social Work: Personalisation Oxford: Oxford University PressWood H & Carr S (1998) Locality Services in Mental Health: Developing Home Treatment and Assertive Outreach London: Sainsbury Centre for Mental Health
Hafford-Letchfield, Trish and Cocker, Christine and Ryan, Peter and Martin, Mary and Scott, Rosalind and Carr, Sarah (2018) Combatting homophobic and transphobic bullying in schools through family engagement. In: Sexuality, Sexual and Gender Identities and Intimacy Research in Social Work and Social Care: A Lifecourse Epistemology. Hafford-Letchfield, Trish and Dunk-West, Priscilla , eds. Routledge, London, pp. 1-34. ISBN 9781138225879 (Accepted/In press)
Carr, Sarah and Holley, Jessica and Hafford-Letchfield, Trish and Faulkner, Alison and Gould, Dorothy and Khisa, Christine and Megele, Claudia (2017) Mental health service user experiences of targeted violence and hostility and help-seeking in the UK: a scoping review. Global Mental Health, 4 . ISSN 2054-4251
Carr, Sarah and Pezzella, Alfonso (2017) Sickness, 'sin' and discrimination: examining a challenge for UK mental health nursing practice with lesbian, gay and bisexual people. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 24 (7). pp. 553-560. ISSN 1351-0126
Carr, Sarah and Filer, Nathan and Polly, Weston (2017) BBC Radio 4 Archive on Four: The Mind in the Media. BBC Radio 4.
Carr, Sarah (2017) Promoting Mental Health: the economic case. [Digital artefact]
£365,363 ESRC Research Grant: Does smaller mean better? Evaluating micro-enterprises in adult social care (co-applicant with University of Birmingham) March 2013
£8,700 Joseph Rowntree Foundation Viewpoint Paper: Assessing current and future housing and support options for older LGB people (sole applicant) June 2012£97,303 NIHR Programme Development Grant award (2011-2013): Personalised care in mental health (co-applicant, MHRN Clinical Research Group on Personalised Care in Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry) October 2011
Sarah is a member of the Care Quality Commission (CQC) Adult Social Care Co-production Group and Chair of the Think Ahead service user and carer reference group. She is also Co-Chair of the National Survivor User Network (NSUN) and was formerly on the Board of the LGB&T Consortium of Community and Voluntary Organisations. She is a member of the European Social Network and the British Sociological Association Mental Health Study Group.
Sarah sits on the editorial board of Disability and Society and regularly conducts peer reviews for various mental health and social care journals and is a peer reviewer for the NIHR School for Social Care Research.
She is currently Chief Blogger for the Social Care Elf and a contributor to the Mental Elf.
Sarah is regularly invited to speak on personalisation, service user participation and perspectives, the social aspects of mental health and service user research and epistemologies. She has spoken at international social care and mental health conferences in Hong Kong, Finland, Germany, Italy, Russia, Poland and Denmark. Recent engagements include
LSE Literary Festival 2015 event: Perceptions of Madness: understanding mental illness through art, literature and drama, Speaker: The cinema cure: can expressions of madness in film be part of personal recovery? February 2015, London School of Economics.
British Sociological Association Mental Health Study Group Symposium: Social Movements and Sociological Knowledge on Mental Health: Where are we now? Speaker: The potential of autoethnography for generating user/survivor knowledge, June 2014, Wolverhampton University.
University of Birmingham/Local Government Association Conference: Commissioning for Better Outcomes: Coproduction and personalisation Speaker: Social care and mental health for marginalised communities, June 2014, Leeds.
Cardiff Law School Conference Series: Social care reform and resource allocation, Speaker: Personalisation: Policy formulation and troubled implementation, February 2014, King's Fund, London.
Department of Social, Therapeutic and Community Studies, Goldsmiths, University of London and City of London Department of Community and Children's Services Inaugural Seminar: The relevance for policy and practice Speaker: Reviewing the literature on personalisation: key messages from the research, January 2014, Goldsmiths University, London.ESRC/Open University Seminar Series: Home Space? Public and private in new welfare settings - Seminar Two: 'home space' within social policy and governance, Guest panellist:Lesbian, gay and bisexual perspectives on 'home space'
, March 2013, Open University, Milton Keynes.