Dr Helena Wray
Helena Wray is Reader in Law. Her research interests lie in international and UK migration law and policy, particularly as it affects families and citizenship. She has published widely and provided expert reports to parties in legal challenges including a judicial review of the pre-entry language requirement for partners (Bibi v SSHD EWCA Civ 322) and the landmark decision on the minimum income requirement for partners (MM v SSHD EWHC 1900 (Admin)).She is editor of Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law and one of the UK country experts for the European Union Democracy Observatory on Citizenship (http://eudo-citizenship.eu/).
Helena led a Nuffield-funded comparative study of the regulation of spousal migration in Europe and US which completed in October 2013 (http://sprc.info/marriage-migration/). She has participated in several other research projects including the EU (FP7) funded Genderace project on multiple discrimination and IMPIC (Immigration Policies in Comparison). She is currently collaborating with Dr Katharine Charsley (University of Bristol) on a special issue of Men and Masculinities titled ‘The Invisible (Migrant) Man’ to be published over the coming year and which emerged from a workshop held at Middlesex in 2011.
Helena has spoken at a wide range of conferences and other events in the UK and abroad. In March 2013, she gave oral evidence to the All Party Parliamentary Group on Migration during their investigation of the new family migration rules. In 2011, she addressed the AGM of Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants (http://jcwi.wordpress.com/2011/11/02/new-video-talk-dr-helena-wray-on-family-migration/).With Alison Hunter of Wesley Gryk Solicitors, she writes the chapter on family members for Free Movement of Workers: Implementation in the UK, an annual report commissioned by the European Union and co-ordinated by Centre for Migration Law, Radboud University, Nijmegen. She is an executive committee member of the Migration and Law Network and has authored or co-authored several policy submissions on behalf of the Network. In 2010, she convened a conference, sponsored by Middlesex University and the Migration and Law Network, on Long-term Residence and Naturalisation in the UK.
Helena teaches International Migration and the Law to postgraduate students and Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law to undergraduate students. She is currently supervising several PhD students on subjects including skilled female Indian migrants, refugee law and same sex relationships, and the legal protection of migrant domestic workers. She welcomes applications from students interested in her areas of expertise.
Helena has a longstanding interest in the provision of legal services. She is a founder member, trustee and former Chair of Barnet Law Service, a law centre providing legal advice and representation to those living and working in the London Borough of Barnet. She has a PhD from SOAS, University of London and a degree in French Literature from Sussex University. She is a former solicitor and, before becoming an academic, worked for several years in a City of London law firm.
- Regulating Marriage Migration into the UK: A Stranger in the Home 2011 (Farnham: Ashgate)
- Gina Clayton (2012) Textbook on Immigration and Asylum Law (5th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press), 3 chapters
- 'Regulating Spousal Migration in Denmark’Journal of Immigration, Nationality and Asylum Law 27 (2). pp. 139-161
- ‘Greater than the sum of their parts: UK Supreme Court Decisions on Family Migration’ Public Law 2013 (October) 838-860.
- 'Teixeira and Ibrahim: Looking back, looking forward or inward?'FMW: Online journal on free movement of workers in the European Union2 (August) 2011 26-37.
- 'Moulding the Migrant Family' Legal Studies 29(4) 2009 592-618.
- 'The Points Based System: A Blunt Instrument' Journal of Immigration Asylum and Nationality Law 23(3) 2009 231-251.
- 'Integration Requirements and Family Life' Journal of Immigration Nationality and Asylum Law 22(4) 2008 317-321.
- 'Hidden purpose: ethnic minority international marriages and 'intention to live together' in P. Shah and W. Menski eds: Migration, Diasporas and Legal Systems in Europe, London and New York: Routledge-Cavendish 2006,163-184.
- 'The Aliens Act 1905 and the Immigration Dilemma', Journal of Law and Society, Vol.33, No.2, June 2006,302-323.
- 'Guiding the gatekeepers: Entry Clearance for Settlement on the Indian Sub-continent', Tottell's Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2006,112-129.
- 'An Ideal Husband? Marriages of Convenience, Moral gatekeeping and Immigration to the UK', European Journal of Migration and Law, Vol. 8, Autumn 2006, 303-320.
- 'Legal Needs Research in a Local Community' Civil Justice Quarterly Vol. 19, October 2000,386-404.
- 'Entry Clearance Applications for Spouses when the Sponsor is on Benefit' Tolley's immigration Law and Practice 13(4) 1999 133-5 (with Mahmud Quayum)
- 'Family, Migration and New Labour' in Juss, S. ed. Research Companion to Migration Theory and Practice (Farnham: Ashgate) 2013, 639-660
- 'Anytime, Any Place, Anywhere: Entry Clearance, Marriage Migration and the Border' in Charsley, K. ed. Transnational Marriage: New Perspectives from Europe and Beyond, (New York, London: Routledge) 2012, 41-59
- 'An Ideal Husband? Marriages of Convenience, Moral Gatekeeping and Immigration to the UK' in Guild, E. and Minderhoud, P. eds. The First Decade of EU Migration and Asylum Law. Leiden, Boston: Martinus Nijhoff 2011, 351-373.
- 'Hidden Purpose: Ethnic Minority International Marriages and 'Intention to Live Together' in P. Shah and W. Menski eds: Migration, Diasporas and Legal Systems in Europe, London and New York: Routledge-Cavendish 2006,163-184.
Conferences and Workshops Convened:
- Long Term Residence and Naturalisation in the UK : Middlesex University/Migration and Law Network, Middlesex University, September 2010)
- The Invisible (Migrant) Man, Middlesex University/University of Bristol, Middlesex University, January 2012
- Family Migration: Regulation and Strategic Responses, Middlesex University, September 2013 (with Elonore Kofman)
Selected Conferences and Presentations:
- What do states regulate when they regulate family migration? Family Migration: Regulation and Strategic Responses, London, 2013
- EU Freedom of Movement, Family Members and the UK courts, Implementing and Delivering Free Movement of EU Workers and Citizens in the UK, London 2013
- The Family Reunification Directive and its application in the Member States Family Reunification – a barrier or a facilitator of integration,Dublin 2013
- The Brightest and the Best: Family Migration in Western Europe; Middlesex Law Debates; Middlesex University, London 2012
- Same-Sex Couples and Immigration in UK and US; InterLaw; Ashursts, London 2012
- A Thing Apart: Men and the Regulation of Family Migration; Middlesex University/University of Bristol; Middlesex University, London 2012
- Pre-entry Language Testing for Spouses;Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association, Matrix Chambers, London 2011
- The Family Migration Consultation; AGM of Joint Council for the Welfare of Immigrants; Garden Court Chambers, London 2011
- Deprivation of citizenship and immigration control in the UK; Centre for Migration Law; Radboud University, Nijmegen 2011
- The ‘Texeira’ and ‘Ibrahim’ Judgements, International Conference of Network of Experts on Free Movement of Workers; London 2010
- Family Migration: Is Coherence Possible? Seminar of European Experts on Family Migration; Social Science Research Institute, Berlin 2010
- The Invisible Man, Migration and GenderPanel, Metropolis Conference, The Hague 2010
- Workers, the Welfare State and Human Rights; China/EU Human Rights Seminar; Beijing 2009
- ‘The Family and the Nation’: The View from the UK; centre for Migration Law; Radboud University, Nijmegen 2009
- Moulding the Migrant Family, Gender,Family Responsibility and Legal Change, Sussex University, Brighton 2008
- Family Life and Integration; Migration and Law Network; Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London 2008
- UK ethnic minority international marriages and the immigration rules;Hart Workshop; Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London 2006
- Migration Law
- Research Skills
- Migration law and policy, particularly family migration and citizenship
- Community legal services
Wray, Helena E. (2013) Greater than the sum of their parts: UK Supreme Court decisions on family migration. Public Law . ISSN 0033-3565 (In Press)
Wray, Helena E. (2013) Regulating spousal migration in Denmark. Journal of Immigration, Asylum & Nationality Law, 27 (2). pp. 139-161. ISSN 1746-7632
Wray, Helena E. (2013) Family migration and new labour. In: The Ashgate Research Companion to Migration Law, Theory and Policy. Juss, Satvinder S. , ed. Law and Migration . Ashgate, pp. 639-660. ISBN 9780754671886
Wray, Helena E. (2012) Any time, any place, anywhere: entry clearance, marriage migration and the border. In: Transnational marriage: new perspectives from Europe and beyond. Charsley, Katharine , ed. Routledge Research in Transnationalism . Routledge, pp. 41-59. ISBN 9780415586535
Clayton, Gina (2012) Textbook on immigration and asylum law. 5th ed. Sawyer, Caroline and Toner, Helen and Wray, Helena E. , eds. Oxford University Press, Oxford. ISBN 9780199699438
An ideal husband? Marriages of convenience, moral gate-keeping and immigration to the United Kingdom
Wray, Helena E. (2011) An ideal husband? Marriages of convenience, moral gate-keeping and immigration to the United Kingdom. In: The first decade of EU Migration and Asylum Law. Guild, E. and Minderhoud, P. , eds. Martinus Nijhoff, pp. 351-374. ISBN 9789004212039
Wray, Helena E. (2011) Teixeira and Ibrahim: looking back, looking forward or looking inward? FMW: online journal on free movement of workers within the European Union (2). pp. 26-37. ISSN 1831-922X
Wray, Helena E. (2011) Regulating marriage migration into the UK: a stranger in the home. Law and migration . Ashgate. ISBN 9781409403388
Wray, Helena E. (2009) Moulding the migrant family. Legal Studies, 29 (4). pp. 592-618. ISSN 1748-121X
Wray, Helena E. (2009) The points based system: a blunt instrument? Journal of Immigration Asylum and Nationality Law, 23 (3). pp. 231-251. ISSN 1746-7632