Joshua Castellino is Professor of Law & Dean of the School of Law at Middlesex University, London, and Adjunct Professor of Law at the Irish Centre for Human Rights, Galway, Ireland. He has held visiting positions in Ireland, Spain, Hungary and Italy.

Joshua worked as a journalist in Mumbai, with the Indian Express Group, was awarded a Chevening Scholarship to pursue an MA in International Law & Politics in 1995, and completed his PhD in International Law in 1998.

He has authored and edited eight books in international law and human rights law, on self-determination, title to territory and indigenous peoples rights, besides several articles on a range of these and other legal sub-topics. He has completed the third, in a five-book series published by Oxford University Press, on issues concerning Global Minority Rights Law, the latest entitled Minority Rights in the Middle East: A Comparative Legal Analysis (with Kathleen Cavanaugh).

Joshua was part of the EU-China Experts & Diplomatic Dialogue and Lawyers for the New Millennium: Support for the Arab Law Union. He regularly engages with multilateral organizations and with Law Societies and NGOs in Europe, Asia, the Middle East and Latin America, on issues of human rights advocacy and public international law. He is currently on the Leadership Council of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network where he co-chairs the Thematic Group on Social Inclusion, Gender and Human Rights.


B.Comm, MA, PhD

Languages spoken

Hindi, Marathi, Konkani, Spanish, German (basic)

Joshua has taught a range of subjects at undergraduate and postgraduate level in different jurisdictions. Among these subjects are: Constitutional Law, European Union Law, Tort Law, Contract Law, (undergraduate) and International Relations, International Organizations, World Trade Law, Post-Conflict Studies, Gender & Human Rights and the Rights of the Child (postgraduate).

He is best known however for his teaching in public international law and international human rights law (all levels) and with the development of the postgraduate specialism on Minority Rights Law. He founded the Annual Summer School on Minority & Indigenous Peoples Rights at the National University of Ireland, Galway, in 2001 which continues to run as a partnership between Middlesex University and EURAC (Bolzen/Bolzano).

Joshua is a popular supervisor of doctoral students and has so far guided ten students to completion on topics including indigenous rights, caste-based discrimination, the right to food, protection of cultural rights, self-determination, free prior informed consent, decision making in world trade law, the legal and historical assessment of land-race questions in Uganda, and an assessment of the religion-human rights relationship in comparative constitutional law. His current supervisory interests are reflected in the range of students under his guidance, exploring topics such as oil dependency in Nigeria, labour laws in Bahrain, business and human rights, self-determination and minority rights law.

Doctoral Examination Experience

  • Law School, University of Leicester, UK
  • Law School, Bradford University, UK
  • School of Law, Liverpool University, UK
  • Faculty of Nations & Nationalism, Central European University, Hungary (External reviewer of thesis)
  • Law School, University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, UK
  • Irish Centre for Human Rights, NUI Galway, Ireland
  • Law Department, Middlesex University, UK
  • University of Westminster, UK
  • University of Wolverhampton, UK

External Examiner Experience

  • Birkbeck University, (2010-2013)
  • University of Keele, (2007-2011)
  • University of York, (2007-2011)
  • European Inter-University Centre, Italy, (2001-2004)

Joshua is best known for his books on Minority Rights and their location within constitutional law, having co-written books on Asia (with Elvira Dominguez Redondo), the Pacific (with David Keane) and the Middle East (with Kathleen Cavanaugh). He has also compiled the Ashgate Research Guide entitled Global Minority Rights, bringing together seminal works in the subject from a variety of disciplines, with a commentary.

Joshua’s approach to these issues has provided him with an insight into comparative constitutional law, and more specifically, on the variety of constitutional, legislative and administrative models and discussions for inclusion that are rife in societies with gross inequalities around the world. This work has left him ideally placed to contribute to the generation of alternative legal models that can be fed into global policy making, a fact recognized by his place on the Leadership Council of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network.

Joshua continues to write about other themes in public international law in journal articles and other through contributions, on topics such self-determination, state sovereignty, title to territory and conflict.

Research Publications


Minority Rights in the Middle East: A Comparative Legal Analysis [with K Cavanaugh] (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013) 421pp.

Global Minority Rights [ed.] (Dartmouth: Ashgate, 2012)

Minority Rights in the Pacific: A Comparative Legal Analysis [with D Keane] (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009).

The End of the Liberal State and the First Terrorist (London: Middlesex University Press, 2009) 102 pp. Minority Rights in Asia [with E Domínguez Redondo] (Oxford: Oxford University Press, United Kingdom, May 2006) 281 pp.

International Law and Indigenous Peoples [co-edited with Walsh N.] Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff (Raoul Wallenberg Institute Human Rights Library Vol. 20, 2005) 399 pp.

International Law and Title to Territory: A Temporal Analysis Aldershot/Burlington VT: Ashgate Publishers, February 2003, 365 pp. [with S. Allen]

International Law and Self-determination: The Interplay of the Politics of Territorial Possession with Formulations of Post-Colonial National Identity (The Hague/Boston/London: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2000) 286 pp.


‘International Law & Self-Determination: Peoples, Indigenous Peoples and Minorities’ Self-Determination After Kosovo: Lessons for the CIS Countries [C. Walter & K. Abushoz eds.] (Munich: Munich University Press, 2013)

‘Who are the Sahrawi?’ Reader on the Western Sahara [A. Aboubaker ed.] (McDaniel University Press, 2013) [with E Dominguez Redondo]

‘The Role of Law in the Minority Discourse Rights in the Middle East’ 12 European Yearbook of Minority Issues (2013) forthcoming [with K Cavanaugh]

‘No Room at the International Table: The Importance of Designing Effective Litmus Tests to Protect Minorities at Home’ Human Rights Quarterly (2013) 32pp.

‘Transcending Sectarianism through Minority Rights in Iraq’ 5(3) International Journal of Contemporary Iraqi Studies (2012) 387-407 [with D Keane]

‘The UN Principle of Self-Determination and Secession from Decolonized States: Katanga and Biafra’ The Ashgate Research Companion to Secession [A. Pavkoviç & P. Radan eds.] (Surrey; Ashgate, 2011) 117-130.

‘R2P and the Protection of Kin-Minorities: The context of Syria and Lebanon’ in Blood and Borders: The Responsibility to Protect and the Problem of the Kin State [W. Kemp, V. Popovski & R. Thakur eds.] (Tokyo: United Nations University, 2011) 122-143.

‘Globalisation, Free Trade and its Impact on Minorities in South Asia’ for 9 European Yearbook of Minority Issues (2010) 189-217.

‘The Protection of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples’ in International Law: A Comparative Temporal Analysis’ 15 (4) International Journal on Minority & Group Rights (2009) 393-422.

‘The MDGs and International Human Rights Law: A View from the Perspective of Minorities and Vulnerable Groups’ in 13(1) International Journal of Human Rights (2009) 10-28.

‘Territorial Integrity and the “Right” to Self-determination: An Examination of the Conceptual Tools’ in 33(2) Brooklyn Journal of International Law (2008) 503-568.

‘A Critical Analysis of the Role of Human Rights NGOs in the Promotion of International Human Rights Law’ Chinese Yearbook of Human Rights Vol. II (2006) 342-355.

‘The Protection of Minorities in International law: A Comparative Analysis’ Chinese Yearbook of Human Rights Vol. II (2006) 453-480.

‘A Re-Examination of the International Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination’ in 2 Revista Iberoamericana de Derechos Humanos (2006) 1-29.

‘Minority Rights in China: A Legal Overview’ in 5 European Journal of Minority Issues (2005) [with E. Domínguez Redondo] 51-83.

‘The “Right” to Land, International Law & Indigenous Peoples’ International Law & Indigenous Peoples [Castellino & Walsh ed 2005] 89-116.

‘Conclusions’ International Law & Indigenous Peoples [Castellino & Walsh ed 2005] 395-399.

‘Conceptual Difficulties and the Right to Indigenous Self-determination’ in Minorities, Peoples and Self-determination: Essays in Honour of Patrick Thornberry [Nazila Ghanea and Alexandra Xanthaki eds.] (Leiden/Boston Martinus Nijhoff 2005) 55-74.

‘Affirmative Action for the Protection of Linguistic Rights: An Analysis of International Human Rights Legal Standards in the Context of the Irish Language’ in 25 Dublin University Law Journal (2004) 1-43.

‘The Issue of Legal Aid: A Regime Comparison’ for 25 Global Law Review Quarterly [Winter, 2003] published in Mandarin at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences [with Dr. Ray Murphy] 415-424.

‘Self-determination, Indigenous Peoples and Minorities’ in 3 Macquarie Law Journal (2003) [with J. Gilbert] 155-178.

‘Reinforcing Territorial Regimes: Uti Possidetis and the Right to Self-determination in Modern International Law’ [with SR. Allen] 48 Amicus Curiae (July/August 2003) 20-25.

‘September 11th & Human Rights’ in Multiculturalism: The Challenge Post September 11th Conference Proceedings, (Cork: University of Cork Press 2002) 7-12.

‘The International Human Rights Regime and the Protection of Linguistic Rights’ 20 TEANGA: The Irish Yearbook of Applied Linguistics (2001-02) [2004] 144-162.

‘Disability & Racial Discrimination: the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination’ in Human Rights & Disability (G. Quinn & T. Degener eds.) [Geneva: UN Publications 2002] presented at ‘Expert Group Meeting on Disability’ Mexico City 11-14th June 2002, 141-148.

‘The Doctrine of Uti Possidetis & Crystallisation of Modern Identity’ 43 German Yearbook of International Law (2001) 205-226.

‘The Secession of Bangladesh in International Law’ in 7 Asian Yearbook of International Law (2000) 83-104.

‘National Identity & the International Law of Self-determination: The Stratification of the Western Saharan

‘Self’’ in Accommodating National Identity: New Approaches in International and Domestic Law (The Hague: Kluwer Law International, 2000) 257-284.

‘Order & Secession: National Minorities and Self-determination’ in 6(4) International Journal of Minority & Group Rights, (Autumn 1999) 389-416.

‘A Territorial Interpretation of Identity in International Law: The Case of the Western Sahara’ 29(3) Millennium Journal of International Studies, (1999) 523-559.

‘Liberty, Fraternity and Equality: The Dubious Fruits of National Self-determination in International Law’ 1 Turku Law Journal, (1999) 1-32.

‘Self-determination and Recourse to Terrorist Violence in the New World Order’ in Drowning in Turbulence: Citizenship and Minority Rights (London, Deborah Cass, 1998).


‘New Zealand’ an entry for the ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE [Stan, L. ed.] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012 forthcoming

The Waitangi Tribunal’ an entry for the ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF TRANSITIONAL JUSTICE [Stan, L. ed.] Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011 forthcoming

‘Application of International Standards of Human Rights Law at Domestic Level’ AN INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW [Aziz Chaudhry & Jahid Bhuiyan eds.] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2010) 237-254.

‘Civil & Political Rights’ AN INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW [Aziz Chaudhry & Jahid Bhuiyan eds.] (Leiden/Boston: Martinus Nijhoff/Brill, 2010) 31-50.

‘Catholic Church’ – an entry for the ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF GENOCIDE [Shelton D., et al. eds.] (New York: Macmillan Reference 2005) 155-159.

‘Death March’ – an entry for the ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF GENOCIDE [Shelton D., et al eds.] (New York: Macmillan Reference 2005) 226-229.

‘Ghetto’ – an entry for the ENCYCLOPAEDIA OF GENOCIDE [Shelton D., et al eds.] New York: Macmillan Reference 2005) 408-414.

‘Minority Rights’ in THE ESSENTIALS OF HUMAN RIGHTS [R. Smith and C. van den Anker (eds).] (London: Hodder, 2005) 260-262.

‘Asian Regional Systems’ in THE ESSENTIALS OF HUMAN RIGHTS [R. Smith and C. van den Anker (eds).] (London: Hodder, 2005) 16-18.

‘In Support of Affirmative Action Measures’ in HUMAN RIGHTS REFERENCE HANDBOOK [Magdalena Sepúlveda et al eds.] (Costa Rica: University for Peace, 2004) 36-38.

‘Asian Regional System’ in HUMAN RIGHTS REFERENCE HANDBOOK [Magdalena Sepúlveda et al eds.] (Costa Rica: University for Peace, 2004) 169-170.

Funded Research

Commissioned to write the entry on ‘South Asia’ (£1,000) for State of the World’s Minorities (London: Minority Rights Group International, 2011) 136-152.

Awarded £41,500 British Council, DELPHE Project (Dominguez-Redondo, Lead), to build the first ever LLM in Human Rights Law at the University of Duhok, Kurdistan, Northern Iraq, June 2011.

Awarded £18,000 ESRC Seminar Competition, ‘Beyond Labour Regulation’ (Martin Upchurch, Lead) four seminars on themes related to labour and human rights, [in conjunction with Croucher, Upchurch and Cotton] September 2009.

Awarded £99,546 by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, UK [with HRSJ, London Metropolitan University, UK] for a pilot programme focussed on human rights capacity building among human rights defenders in Central Asia, January 2009

Awarded, £120,000, Banco Santander for: (a) 2 scholarships for Latin American students to attend the LLM; (b) Diversity Week-ends with indigenous peoples in Latin American capitals; and (c) Seed-funding to develop research on poverty alleviation in Latin America using a law & economics approach, December 2008 [partially delivered due to implications of the financial crisis].

Awarded £62,756 from the City Solicitors Educational Trust (CSET) towards the cost of a full-time three year Lectureship in Law, December 2008.

Awarded Є 2000 Grant-in-Aid of Publication Scheme, NUI Galway, September 2005. Commissioned by the Italian Foreign Ministry through the European Inter-University Centre, to organise a training programme in Human Rights for Chinese Government Functionaries, Venice: Monastery of San Nicolò, 22-26 November 2004.

Awarded Є 6000 Irish Research Council for the Humanities & Social Sciences for ‘International Minority Rights Law in Asia’ November 2003

Awarded Є 5000 Millennium Research Project, NUI Galway, November 2002

Awarded, Є1800 Grant- in-Aid of Publication Scheme, NUI Galway, May 2003

Awarded, Є1260 Grant-in-Aid of Publication Scheme, NUI Galway, March 2003

Participant, ‘EU Support for Arab Lawyers Programme’ Law Society of England and Wales, UK (2002-2003)

Awarded Є10000, National Council for Development Education, Government of Ireland, course directed at voluntary sector (2003)

Assisted on successful bid to the European Commission FPVI (1.2 million euros) vis-à-vis the EU-China Experts Networks held in conjunction with the EU-China Diplomatic Dialogue, September 2001

Awarded Є1500 Social Sciences Research Council, NUI Galway, 2001

Awarded Є1000 James Hardiman Special Library Research Grant, Ireland

Awarded GB£ 1000 Research Grant for Fieldwork: Morocco & the Western Sahara Research Committee, University of Hull, UK

As a former journalist, Joshua’s work has been geared towards addressing issues he sees as being in urgent need of significant intervention and change. Among these, are questions concerning structural inequality and poverty in society, notions of post-colonial identity, notions of exclusion based on identity, the domestic social mechanisms to address pressing issues from an inevitable position of subordination, and the manner in which such debates are formed, engaged and addressed at national and international level.

His engagement includes significant work on capacity building among the judiciary (India, Nigeria, Bangladesh, Mexico), advocates (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Egypt, India, Mexico), NGOs (most notably Human Rights Law Network, India) and other policy audiences in countries as diverse as India and Ireland. He has been on the advisory board of the Irish Traveller Movement, Ireland, and is currently in such a role for the Tom Lantos Institute in Budapest, Hungary.

Joshua sits on the Leadership Council of the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network, assembled and directed by Jeffrey Sachs (Columbia University, USA), under the auspices of the Office of the United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon. The organization is tasked with articulating the global development agenda from 2015-2030 as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) run out. Within this network Joshua co-chairs (with Ms Bineta Diop, President, Femme Africa Solidarite) the Thematic Group responsible for setting the agenda on social inclusion, gender and human rights. The group is tasked with generating ‘solutions and remedies’ from best practice around the world that would seek to address entrenched inequality, and provide the basis for vulnerable groups’ access to the fruits of socio-economic development.