“Highly qualified staff offer knowledge and expertise and the case studies which are relevant to both past and current world scenarios stood out.” Iritza Sheikh, BA Criminology student
Youth crime is a fascinating area of criminology and our degree, taught in one of the oldest university criminology departments in the UK, builds specialist expertise through both theory and practice in youth justice settings.
Our criminology department continually produces internationally respected research to investigate models of crime, including youth crime. Alongside a solid grounding in the fundamentals of criminology, you will explore issues of youth crime and youth justice from historical, theoretical, policy and practice perspectives and critically examine the role of 'young offender'. The course combines theory with the study of real-life case studies from within criminal justice settings. We also support you to undertake a placement in the youth justice system where you will gain vital practical and professional experience.
You will be introduced to a variety of theoretical concepts that attempt to explain the various control mechanisms used to reduce and prevent crime, anti social behaviour, and other aspects of social deviance. You will learn to understand the intricacies of the criminal justice system and discover how different agencies such as the police; probation service; courts; and prisons interact.
Contemporary issues relating to child protection and youth offending in England and Wales will feature and you will develop an understanding of the range of problems in respect of child protection including situations leading to failure in multi agency approaches, child safety and protection strategies.
There will be debates around the concepts of the ‘troubled and troublesome youth’ and you will evaluate, describe and discuss theories of why young people offend. The course looks in detail at patterns of youth crime and victimisation - including looking at children as both victims and perpetrators of crime and considers the many perspectives put forward to explain youth offending.
You will develop research skills that will enable you to analyse a range of publications in both print and digital from within government criminal justice agencies and other informed organisations.
You will develop advanced analytical skills that will enable you to critically evaluate a wide range of materials including theories, policies, strategies, and operational plans.
You will develop excellent awareness of how policy is created, interpreted and implemented, and how this informs society. You will also be able to draw on a wide range of criminological theories and concepts in order to develop a debate or discussion and to justify your conclusions.
You can find more information about this course in the programme specification.
The objective of this module is to introduce students to a number of key criminological concepts and issues. More specifically, it aims to introduce students to: a key factors that influence official definitions and societal perceptions of crime and deviance; b the differing involvement of identifiable social groups in crime and deviance; c the differing levels of victimisation amongst such groups, and c the main reasons behind these differences. Also, the module aims to introduce students to sources of information on crime, deviance and victimisation and to a number of specific types of crimes.
This module is designed to introduce students to the major theoretical perspectives that have emerged in the discipline of Criminology over the past 200 - 300 years and enable students to apply these theories to concrete examples of crime. It considers how historical context, political influence and basic philosophical differences on such questions as what it is to be human have influenced the development of criminological perspectives. It will introduce students to the academic research that underpins different theories and help them to understand the key arguments and reflect upon the relative merits of each theory through engagement with relevant literature.
This module will instruct students on the skills required to undertake an undergraduate degree in either sociology or criminology, and on the basic components of social science research. A main component of this module will be a year-long research project, where students will be asked to explore the social profile of their own communities, by exploring ONS-census and Met Police data, as well as other relevant sources. Students are required to build a profile of their community and in doing so will develop key research and academic skills required to complete their degree. Many of these skills will have relevance beyond their degree, and will be attractive to future employers.
This module provides an introduction for first year sociology and criminology students to the study of contemporary society. The module engages key issues and debates that constitute the subject matter, while introducing students to the themes and perspectives that inform social inquiry. Students will also engage with core approaches to understanding contemporary society and the social relations that comprise it.
The module aims to develop students evaluative abilities regarding quantitative and qualitative research methodologies as well as to introduce them to the underlying philosophical and ethical principles of social research. It aims to make clear the links between theory, method and data, to define what data is within different research paradigms and the various ways of generating and analysing it, and to understand and critique published research. Emphasis is placed on developing awareness and critique of secondary sources. The module also aims to prepare students for the development of a proposal for their final year dissertation project. Throughout the module students will apply the various components of research methods to the specific subject of the programme they are studying.
This module introduces students to recent developments in criminological theory and research. As well as familiarising you with a substantial range of contemporary theoretical perspectives in criminology it will introduce you to central themes and substantive concerns central to current criminological research. In particular, we'll focus on the consequences of globalisation and neoliberal politics on patterns of crime and social control in the Global North, looking at issues such as: terrorism, state crime, cybercrime and environmental crime.
This module provides an introduction to key criminal justice institutions and agencies and an understanding of contemporary criminal justice issues. The main focus of the module is on the criminal justice system in England and Wales, though other material is drawn upon for European and international comparative purposes. At the end of the module students should be familiar with recent and current policy issues and debates relating to the different criminal justice institutions, such as pluralised policing and the extended police family, contemporary crime investigation, sentencing in the criminal courts, and reform of the prison and probation systems.
Why do children and young people break the law and what should we do about this? How much of a problem is youth crime? How is the Youth Justice System organised and is it effective? Should we send children to prison? These are the kinds of questions considered in this module which is core for students on the BA Criminology (Youth Justice) pathway? It examines different explanations for youthful offending and related issues such as school bullying and exclusion and substance misuse as well as critical perspectives which emphasise children's rights and highlight the dangers of labelling and stigmatisation which may follow from criminalising young people's behaviour.
As these different topics are contested and inherently complex, the module encourages discussion and debate. At the same time, as students on this degree are typically seeking to work in the area of youth justice, attention is focused on the workings of Youth Offending Teams and related organisations. It involves talks from practitioners in the field and case studies which bring the issues to life. Students are encouraged to relate and reflect on their own knowledge and experiences and to identify areas and skills that they wish to develop. The benefits of volunteering and of internships are highlighted and there is a clear focus on helping students to pursue these opportunities at the same time as developing a critical understanding of youth justice policy and practice.
This module examines and critically appraises the issue of children as victims and offenders. It explores the functions, roles and responsibilities of a variety of agencies whose task is to protect children and to work with those in trouble with the law, and enables students to develop a critical understanding of the issues underpinning policy and practice in these fields with particular attention to the importance of and problems associated with multi-agency working. The first part of the module focuses on children as victims of physical, sexual and emotional abuse noting the relatively recent discovery of these crimes, examining the high profile cases and enquiries which have accompanied this process and explaining current legislation relating to and the organisation of child protection in England and Wales. The second part of the module turns to how the criminal justice system regards and deals with young people if they break the law. It provides students with a detailed knowledge of how Youth Offending Teams YOT s are structured and operate and contains a strong practice focus. Many students wish to move on to working with young people in the criminal justice system on graduation and the module is designed to acquaint them with the knowledge and skills required in this field.
This module aims to synthesise learning from the criminology programmes of study, providing an opportunity for students to study independently and investigate a topic in depth, in accordance with the Criminology Benchmark Statement. It fosters academic curiosity, an inquiry based approach, and the employment and application of research skills thus facilitating the development of a higher level of theorising. Students will select a topic of personal interest on which they wish to undertake an in-depth study. They will manage their own learning during this module, with the support of an allocated supervisor for this period of independent study. Further, students in criminology will have criminology specific dissertation workshops to support their independent study; and formative assessments during the dissertation year to assist with the development and completion of the dissertation.
This module aims to introduce students to the contemporary debates surrounding drugs, drug use and its control. It will develop students knowledge and understanding of the processes involved in social definitions of drugs and drug users and their skills in applying criminological theories to drug issues. It aims to facilitate critical analysis and evaluation of the laws, policies and institutions of drugs control and their social, economic and political contexts. The module also aims to foster and develop students critical interest in the reform of drugs control policy.
The module investigates perspectives on green criminology, and crimes against the environment and animals. It considers environmental and green offending, the regulation of environmental problems, and global perspectives on green crimes and crimes affecting ecosystems. It introduces students to ideas in green criminology, particularly theoretical debates on animal rights and the legal personhood of animals, and the prosecution of environmental crime. The module also examines the link between violence towards animals and violence towards humans and the extent to which animal abuse might be seen as an indicator of future violent offending or anti-social behaviour. The module develops an understanding of theoretical concepts and practical considerations in environmental justice, the enforcement of environmental and species legislation and the application of a green perspective to criminal justice.
This module critically examines the concepts of serious group offending and in particular the growing phenomenon of gangs. The existence and prevalence of gangs is contested academically and by practitioners. The module will consider classic and contemporary theories as to why gangs form and thrive in places; the challenges of defining gangs as opposed to street cultures and peer groups will be considered. Issues such as risks and motivations for joining, membership, behaviours, territoriality, recruitment, levels of violence, criminal activity, gender, links to organised crime, deprivation and globalisation are all pertinent topics addressed in the module. Key issues are identified and critically reviewed such as divergent experiences between the USA and the UK, race, gender, and partner/agency involvement. The module takes a left realist approach notably in consideration of recent police and practitioner strategies and initiatives under development regarding desistance, prevention and intervention models.
The objective of this module is to equip students with an understanding of the complex function of punishment as a practice and institution. More specifically, it aims a to create a critical awareness of the influence of country specific values and circumstances as well as of global developments on the formulation of criminal justice, its responses to crime, deviance and public insecurity, on its modes of punishment and their utility, and b to foster an appreciation of the human rights issues that different punishment measures and criminal justice responses can give rise to.
This module aims to discuss the dynamics of interpersonal violence and its control, with an additional focus on the links between sex and violence. Together we'll learn about the social and spatial parameters of violent crime; the possible causes and explanations for why violent crime happens (are we born violent or do we learn how to be violent?); theoretical and layperson perspectives on violence; the forms that violence can take; and how violence can be gendered. Current prison forensic psychologists will also help you to understand how violent, and sexually violent, offenders are managed within the prison environment.
You will attend lectures, workshops, seminars and one-to-one tutorials, and will work on weekly assignments, practical exercises and presentations. You will be supported by a electronic learning platform which links you to course materials, reading lists, websites, newspaper articles, chat rooms, discussion boards, films and documentaries to enhance your learning experience. You will supplement all this with your own independent study, and will undertake a dissertation in your final year.
Our Department uses Twitter and other social media to draw your attention to new developments in the field of Criminology and Youth Justice. You are encouraged to engage these debates and create your own discussion groups using social networks.
You will participate in field trips to criminal justice settings, including prison and court visits, throughout your degree . There will be opportunities to attend lectures and workshops delivered by practitioners and professionals who have specialist knowledge and experience of working in the youth and criminal justice systems and other relevant agencies.
You can opt to extend the course by a year, and spend the third year doing a paid work placement, which we will help you to find. This could be in a youth offending team, prison, probation service, a local authority, drug and alcohol agency, civil service or a research institution,. We also offer a Special Constabulary module which recognises the training undertaken by those who are seeking entry to the police service
You will be assessed through exams, portfolios, online quizzes, essays, film reviews, reflective diaries, presentations, and reports (eg. court report).
Typical offers for this course:
A Levels minimum two, maximum three subjects
Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma minimum two, maximum three subjects
Access to HE Diploma
Overall pass: must include 45 credits at level 3, of which all 45 must be at Merit or higher
If you are unable to meet the entry requirements for this course you may still be eligible for our Foundation year course. This is an extra year of study to prepare you for the full degree. For more information see our Law and Social Sciences foundation page.
The UCAS Tariff has changed for courses starting in September 2017. The points awarded to each qualification have been lowered in comparison to the previous UCAS Tariff. Our entry requirements are displayed as the grades you will require, however if you wish to find out the equivalent tariff points please use the UCAS calculator.
UK/EU and International students are eligible to apply for this course.
If you have achieved a qualification such as a foundation degree or HND, or have gained credit at another university, you may be able to enter a Middlesex University course in year two or three. For further information please visit our Transfer students page.
If you have relevant work experience, academic credit may be awarded towards your Middlesex University qualification. For further information please visit our Accreditation of Prior Learning page.
We accept the equivalent of the above qualifications from a recognised overseas qualification. To find out more about the qualifications we accept from your country please visit the relevant Support in your country page.
If you are unsure about the suitability of your qualifications or would like help with your application, please contact your nearest Regional office for support.
You will not need a visa to study in the UK if you are a citizen of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway or Switzerland. If you are a national of any other country you may need a visa to study in the UK. Please see our Visas and immigration page for further information.
You must have competence in English language to study with us. The most commonly accepted evidence of English language ability is IELTS 6.0 (with minimum 5.5 in all four components). Visit our English language requirements page for a full list of accepted English tests and qualifications. If you don't meet our minimum English language requirements, we offer an intensive Pre-sessional English course.
Entry onto this course does not require an interview, entrance test, portfolio or audition.
While a degree in Criminology (Youth Justice) will ordinarily lead to employment within the general fields of youth or criminal justice, many of the skills that you will learn; data research; critical analysis; oral, written and visual communication; reasoned debate; understanding theoretical concepts; and policy analysis, are highly valued by employers across all sectors.
Over recent years, our students have gone on to a wide range of graduate jobs including the following: youth workers, police officers, social workers, probation officers, drug and alcohol workers, data analysts, civil servants and trainee outreach workers.
Our graduates have been employed by a wide range of organisations including the following: The Metropolitan Police and County police services across the UK, The Probation Service, The Home Office, local authorities in London and across the UK, and the Border Agency.
In addition, many have gone on to develop careers in a wide range of third sector organisations including those that deal with services for youth people, victim support, offender and drug and alcohol rehabilitation organisations.
The professional links of our academic staff mean that we are able to provide access to placement opportunities across many of the public and voluntary crime agencies. We also maintain long establish links with universities in Belgium, Holland, Greece, Portugal, Germany and the USA and offer many opportunities to study abroad.
BA Criminology student
"The interesting theories and case studies which are relevant to both past and current world scenarios stood out most for me. The course has so far wonderfully summed up the crime and crime patterns that we see in everyday life. This is in no small part down to the highly qualified faculty members who offer superior knowledge and expertise."
"Following on from this course it is my aim to eventually join the Metropolitan Police Service or work as a probation officer. I would highly recommend Middlesex University to anybody considering this degree. If I were to ever study again, Middlesex would be my first choice."
"The highly qualified staff offer knowledge and expertise and the case studies which are relevant to both past and current world scenarios stood out."