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    Soiling damage by air pollution.

    Soiling is a simple and familiar concept – we all know (or remember) the blackness of buildings associated with industrial urban cities or the streaked effect on limestone buildings. We have undertaken a lot of research that looks at the mechanisms involved and relates them to atmospheric pollution.  The following chapter from our book, presents an overview of this research:

    Watt, J., Hamilton, R., Lefèvre, R-A and Ionescu, A.  Soiling.  In Watt, J., Tidblad, J., Kucera, V. and Hamilton, R. (2009) The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage, Springer pp105-126

    An electronic version of the book or the individual chapter may be purchased here

    Other publications

    Watt J,  Jarrett D and Hamilton R (2008) Dose-Response functions for the soiling of materials due to air pollution exposure. Sci Total Env 400: 415-424

    Watt, J. (2007) The Management of Risk with respect to Cultural Heritage – A Case Study.  Arboricultural Journal. 30: 175- 185

    Ferm, M., Watt, J., O’Hanlon, S., De Santis, F. and Varotsos, C. (2006) Deposition Measurement of Particulate Matter in Connection with Corrosion Studies.  Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry. 384: 1320-1330

    O’Hanlon, S., Watt, J. and Hamilton, R. (2005) The Soiling of Cultural Heritage Materials. Proceedings of  Workshop Cultural Heritage in the City of Tomorrow; Developing Policies to Manage Continuing Risk from Air Pollution, Kucera, V., Tidblad, J. and Hamilton, R. (Eds) Swedish Corrosion Institute, pp 201-212

    Watt, J. and Hamilton, R.  (2003) Soiling of Buildings by Particulate Matter.  In: The Effects of Air Pollution on the Built Environment (Air Pollution Reviews) P. Brimblecombe (ed) Imperial College Press; ISBN: 1860942911 289-334

    Kendall, M., Hamilton, R. S., Watt J. and WilliamsI. D. (2001) Characterization of Selected Speciated Organic Compounds Associated with Particulate Matter in London. Atmospheric Environment 35: 2483-2495

    Sitzmann, B., Kendall, M., Watt, J., and Williams, I. (1999)  Characterisation of airborne particles in London by computer-controlled scanning electron microscopy.  Sci. Total Env.  241: 63-73

    Watt J., Massey, S., and Kendall, M. (2000) Fractal Modelling of Particulate Deposition in the Development of Black Crusts on Stone. In Proc. 9th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Venice, 19-20 June 637-646

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