Professor Nouwen joined Middlesex University in June 2013. He trained as a clinical psychologist at the Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam. He then completed his PhD with a thesis on biofeedback and low back pain. In 1984, he emigrated to Quebec, Canada, where he started his professional life working as a clinician in private practice and at the l'Enfant-Jésus Hospital.
In 1991 Professor Nouwen returned to academia and took up the post of Assistant Professor (later Associate Professor) at Laval University, Canada. In 2000, he moved to the UK where he was offered the position of Reader in Health Psychology at Staffordshire University. In 2002, he joined the University of Birmingham where he was Senior Lecturer in Clinical Psychology.
English, Dutch and French and good understanding of German.
Subject area: Clinical Health Psychology, Behavioural Medicine
Arie Nouwen currently teaches on the MSc Health Psychology course.
He has supervised many students in their undergraduate research projects. Also, he has successfully supervised 15 ClinPsyD students, 24 Masters students (MPs, MRes, MSc, MPhil) and 9 PhD students. He is currently supervising 1 PhD student , 2 ClinPsyD students and 4 MSc Health Psychology students.
Arie Nouwen specialises in the psychosocial and mental health aspects of diabetes mellitus. His research interests include: Motivation to healthy eating and dietary self-care, Depression and diabetes, and Cognitive function.
In particular, he is interested in how psychosocial, neuro-cognitive, behavioural and biological variables interact in the development of depression in people with diabetes. He uses a wide range of research methods including questionnaires, psychophysiological techniques, neuro-imaging, systematic reviews and interventions.
He would welcome doctoral students in these areas of interest.
Membership of Committees and Professional Bodies
Arie Nouwen is:
Pouwer, F. and Schram, M. T. and Iversen, M. M. and Nouwen, Arie and Holt, R. I. G. (2020) How 25 years of psychosocial research has contributed to a better understanding of the links between depression and diabetes. Diabetic Medicine . pp. 1-10. ISSN 0742-3071 (Published online first)
Lakerveld, J. and Palmeira, A. L. and Duinkerken, E. and Whitelock, V. and Peyrot, M. and Nouwen, Arie (2020) Motivation: key to a healthy lifestyle in people with diabetes? Current and emerging knowledge and applications. Diabetic Medicine . pp. 1-9. ISSN 0742-3071 (Published online first)
Nouwen, Arie and Adriaanse, M. C. and van Dam, Kristina and Iversen, M. M. and Viechtbauer, W. and Peyrot, M. and Caramlau, I. and Kokoszka, A. and Kanc, K. and de Groot, M. and Nefs, G. and Pouwer, F. (2019) Longitudinal associations between depression and diabetes complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetic Medicine , 36 (12). pp. 1562-1572. ISSN 0742-3071
Chaturvedi, S. K. and Manche Gowda, S and Ahmed, H. U. and Alosaimi, F.D. and Andreoni, N and Bobrov, A. E. and Bulgari, V. and Carra, G and Castelnuovo, G and de Girolamo, G. and Gondek, T. M. and Jovanovic, Mario and Kamala, T. and Kiejna, A. and Lalic, N. M. and Lecic Tosevski, D. and Minhas, F and Mutiso, V and Ndetei, D. and Rabbani, G. and Somruk, S and Srikanta, S. S. and Tai, R and Valentini, U and Vukovic, O. and Wölwer, W. and Cimino, L. C. and Nouwen, Arie and Lloyd, C.E Cathy and Sartorius, N. (2019) More anxious than depressed: prevalence and correlates in a 15-nation study of anxiety disorders in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus. General Psychiatry , 32 . pp. 1-9. ISSN 2517-729X (Published online first)
Skinner, T. and Byrne, M. and Dickinson, J. K. and Fisher, L. and Funnell, M. and Guzman, S. and Hendrieckx, C. and Hermanns, N. and Kanc, K. and Lloyd, C. and Mocan, A. and Nouwen, Arie and Pouwer, F. and Saleh‐Stattin, N. and Snoek, F. and Speight, J. and Sturt, J. and Vallis, M. and Wagner, J. and Willaing, I. and Young‐Hyman, D. and Zoffmann, V. (2019) Comment on the consensus report on the management of hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes by the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetic Medicine , 36 (7). pp. 911-912. ISSN 1464-5491
Nouwen A, White DG, Scarpello J, Rodgers J. (Staffordshire University). Motivation and dietary self-care in adults with type 2 diabetes: A longitudinal study of predictors. Diabetes UK. £ 91,516, 2001-2004
Senécal C, Guay F (Laval University), Nouwen A. Une étude longitudinale de la motivation des adolescents diabétiques dans l'observance de leur plan alimentaire [A longitudinal study on motivation to dietary self-care in adolescents with diabetes]. Canadian Institutes of Health Research: Can$ 193,406 (£88,000), 2002 -2005
Humphreys G, Praamstra P, Nouwen A, Edwards M. (University of Birmingham). Event-related potential studies of attention and action (Research Equipment Grant). Economic & Social Research Council: £23,500, 2002.
Nouwen A, Powell T (University of Birmingham). The expectation and experience of military patients at Roles 3 & 4. Qinetiq: £26,695, 2007-2010.
Nouwen A, Narendran P, Higgs S, Bagshaw A. (University of Birmingham). Do flexible eating patterns in patients with type 1 diabetes change cortical activation in brain regions associated with motivation and emotion. Centre for Obesity Research, University of Birmingham: £4,000, 2009.
Nouwen A, Blissett J, Barrett T, Higgs S, Allen H. (University of Birmingham). Responsiveness to food cues in adolescents with type 2 diabetes. European Foundation for the Study of Diabetes (EFSD): € 200,000 (£ 180,000), 2009-2010.
Nouwen A (Middlesex University), Higgs S, (University of Birmingham), Houben K (Maastricht University, Netherlands). Does neurocognitive training have the potential to improve dietary self-care in Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes-UK, £15,400.
Dr. Zola Mannie, Department of Psychology, Middlesex University
Dr Panayotis Demakakos, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London
Dr Suzanne Higgs, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham
Dr Harriet Allen, School of Psychology, University of Nottingham
Dr Gary Urquhart Law, School of Psychology, University of Birmingham
Dr Parth Narendran, School of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Birmingham (www.bham.ac.uk/staff/profiles/cem/EDM/Narendran-Parth.aspx)
Dr Edward Jude, Tameside Hospital & University of Manchester
International research collaborations:
Professor Laurie Ruggiero, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, US
Dr Jos Bosch, Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam
Dr Katrijn Houben, Clinical Psychology Science, Maastricht University, Netherlands
Dr Anna Pogorelova, The I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Russia
Members of the EDID Research Consortium (http://uvtapp.uvt.nl/fsw/spits.ws.frmShowpage?v_page_id=7840016642395120)
Pouwer F, Nefs G, Nouwen A. (2013). Adverse effects of depression on glycemic control and health outcomes in people with diabetes: a review. Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America, 42, 529-544.
Austin, S., Senécal, C., Guay, F., Fernet, C., Nouwen, A. (2013). Longitudinal testing of a dietary self-care motivational model in adolescents with diabetes. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 75, 153-159.
Law, G.U., Walsh, J., Queralt, V., & Nouwen, A. (2013). Adolescent and parent diabetes distress in type 1 diabetes: The role of self-efficacy, perceived consequences, family responsibility and adolescent-parent discrepancies. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 74, 334-339.
Lloyd, C.E., Nouwen, A., Roy, T., Chauhan, A.M. (2012). Epidemiology of depression in diabetes: international and cross-cultural issues. Journal of Affective Disorders, 142 Suppl:S22-29.
Huis in 't Veld, E.M.J., Makine, C., Nouwen, A., Karsidag, A., Kadioglu, P., Karsidag, K., & Pouwer, F. (2011). Validation of the Turkish version of the Problem Areas in Diabetes (PAID) scale. Cardiovascular Psychiatry and Neurology, 31, 506-508. 8DOI 10.1155/2011/315068
Booth, D.A., & Nouwen, A. (2011). Weight is controlled by eating patterns, not by foods or drugs. Reply to comments on "Satiety. No way to slim". Appetite, 57, 784-790.
Baral-Grant, S., Haque, S., Greenfield, S.M., Nouwen, A., & McManus, R.J. (2012). Self Monitoring of Blood Pressure in Hypertension: a primary care survey. International Journal of Hypertension, 2012, Article ID 582068, doi:10.1155/2012/582068.
Nouwen, A., Ford, T., Balan, A.T., Twisk, J., Ruggiero, L., & White, D. (2011). Longitudinal motivational predictors of dietary self-care and diabetes control in adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Health Psychology, 30, 771-797.
Austin, S., Senécal, C., Guay, F., & Nouwen, A. (2011). Effects of gender, age, and diabetes duration on dietary self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A Self-Determination Theory perspective. Journal of Health Psychology, 16, 917-928.
Richard, S., Dionne, C.E., & Nouwen, A. (2011). Self-efficacy and health locus of control: relationship to occupational disability among workers with back pain. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 21, 421-430.
Nouwen, A., Nefs, G., Caramlau, I., Connock, M., Winkley, K., Lloyd, C.E., Peyrot, M., & Pouwer, F. (2011). The prevalence of depression in persons with impaired glucose metabolism or undiagnosed diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the European Depression in Diabetes (EDID) research consortium. Diabetes Care, 34, 752-762.
Booth, D.A., & Nouwen, A. (2010). Satiety – no way to slim. Appetite, 55, 718-721.
Nouwen, A., Winkley, K., Twisk, J., Lloyd, C.E., Peyrot, M., Ismail, K., & Pouwer, F. (2010). Type 2 diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for the onset of depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetologia, 53, 2480-2486.
Closa León, T., Nouwen, A., Sheffield, D., Jaumdally, R., & Lip, G.Y. Anger rumination, social support, and cardiac symptoms in patients undergoing angiography. British Journal of Health Psychology,15, 841-857, 2010.
Chechlacz, M., Rotshtein, P., Klamer, S., Porubska, K., Higgs, S., Booth, D., Fritsche, A., Preissl, H., Abele, H., Birbaumer, N., & Nouwen, A. (2009). Diabetes dietary management alters responses to food pictures in brain regions associated with motivation and emotion: an fMRI study. Diabetologia, 52, 524-533.
Lane, D., Langman, C., Lip, G,Y.H., & Nouwen, A. (2009). Illness perceptions, affective response and health-related quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 66, 203-210.
Nouwen, A., Law, G.U., Hussain, S., McGovern, S., & Napier, H. (2009). Comparison of the role of self-efficacy and illness representations in relation to dietary self-care and diabetes distress in adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Psychology and Health, 24, 1071-1084.
Thornhill, K., Lyons, A.C., Nouwen, A. & Lip, G.Y.H. (2008). Experiences of living with congestive heart failure: A qualitative study. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 155-175.
Bouchard, S., Gauthier. J., Nouwen, A., Ivers, H., Vallières, A., & Simard, S. Temporal Relationship Between Dysfunctional Beliefs, (2007). Self-Efficacy and Panic Apprehension in the Treatment of Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 38, 275-292.
Dionne, C., Bourbonnais, R., Frémont, P., Rossignol, M., Stock, S.R., Nouwen, A., Larocque, I., & Demers, E. (2007). Determinants of "return to work in good health" among workers with back pain who consult in primary care settings: A two-year prospective study. European Spine Journal, 16, 641-655.
Closa-Leon, T, Nouwen, A. & Sheffield D. (2007). Social support and individual variability in patterns of hemodynamic reactivity and recovery. Psychology and Health, 22, 472-492.
Nouwen, A., Breton, M.-C., Urquhart Law, G, Descôteaux, J. (2007). Stability of an empirical psychosocial taxonomy across type of diabetes and treatment. Diabetic Medicine, 24, 41- 47.
Warbrick.T, Sheffield, D., & Nouwen, A. (2006). Effects of pain-related anxiety on components of the pain event-related potential. Psychophysiology, 43, 481-485.
Nouwen, A., Cloutier, C, Kappas, A., Warbrick, T., & Sheffield, D. (2006). The effects of focusing and distraction on cold-pressor induced pain in chronic back pain patients and controls. Journal of Pain, 7, 62-71.
Meads, C. & Nouwen, A. (2005). Does emotional disclosure have any effects? A systematic review of the literature with meta-analyses. International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 21, 153-164.
Talbot, F. & Nouwen, A. (2000). A review of the relationship between depression and diabetes in adults: Is there a link? Diabetes Care, 23, 1556-1562.
Senécal, C., Nouwen, A., & White, D. (2000). Motivation and dietary self-care in adults with diabetes: Are self-efficacy and autonomous self-regulation complementary or competing constructs. Health Psychology, 19, 452-457.
Talbot, F., Nouwen, A., Gingras, J. & Bélanger, A. (1999). The impact of diabetes intrusiveness and perceived control on symptoms of depression among adults with diabetes. Health Psychology, 18, 537-542.
Labrecque, M., Nouwen, A., Bergeron, M.Y., Rancourt, J.F. (1999). A randomized controlled trial of non-pharmacological approaches for relief of low back pain during labour. Journal of Family Practice, 48, 259-263.
Nouwen, A., Freeston, M.F. Labbé, R. & Boulet, L.-P. (1999). Psychological predictors of emergency room visits among asthmatic patients. Behavior Modification, 23, 217-233.
French, D.J., Gauthier, J.G, Roberge, C., Bouchard, S. & Nouwen, A. (1997). Self-efficacy in the thermal biofeedback treatment of migraine sufferers. Behavior Therapy, 28, 109-125.
Nouwen, A., Gingras, J., Talbot, F. & Bouchard, S. (1997). The development of an empirical psychosocial taxonomy for patients with diabetes. Health Psychology. 16, 263-271.
Talbot, F., Nouwen, A., Gingras, J., Gosselin, M. & Audet, J. (1997). The assessment of diabetes-related cognitive and social factors: The Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 20, 291-312.
Talbot, F., Nouwen, A & Gauthier, J. (1996). Is health locus of control a 3-factor or a 2-factor construct? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 559-568.
Boulet, J.-P., Cournoyer, I., Deschêsnes, F., Leblanc, P. & Nouwen, A. (1994). Perception of airflow obstruction and associated breathlessness in normal and asthmatic subjects: Correlation with anxiety and bronchodilator needs. Thorax, 49, 965-970.
Nouwen, A., Freeston, M.H., Cournoyer, I. & Boulet, L.-P. (1993). Psychological prediction and concomitants of perceived symptoms and discomfort during induced bronchospasm: The role of temporal adaptation, self-focused attention and anxiety. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 623-628.
Nouwen, A., Van Akkerveeken, P. & Versloot, J. E. (1987). Patterns of paraspinal and abdominal EMG during movements in low back pain, Spine, 12, 777-782.
Nouwen, A. & Bush, C. (1984). The relationship between paraspinal EMG and chronic low back pain, Pain, 20, 109-123.
Nouwen, A. (1983). EMG biofeedback use to reduce standing levels of paraspinal muscle tension in chronic low back pain, Pain, 17, 353-360.
Nouwen, A. & Solinger, J. W. (1979). The effectiveness of EMG biofeedback in chronic low back pain, Biofeedback and Self-Regulation,4,103-111.
National Scientific Journals
Austin, S., Senécal, C., Guay, F., & Nouwen, A. (2011). Dietary self-care in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes: Report from the juvenile diabetes and dietary study. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 35, 39-45.
Giroux, I., Ladouceur, R., Nouwen, A., & Jacques, C. (2000). Modification des perceptions erronées relativement aux jeux de hasard et d'argent. Journal de thérapie comportementale et cognitive, 10, 53-62.
Nouwen, A. (1981). EMG biofeedback en lage rugpijn [EMG biofeedback and low back pain]. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Fysiotherapie, 91, 14-16.
Commentary/Letters to the Editor
Nouwen, A., Pouwer, F. (2009). Does diabetes double the risk of depression? Comment on O'Connor et al. Annals of Family Medicine. Invited commentary, Sept 2009. http://www.annfammed.org/cgi/eletters/7/4/328.
Nouwen, A., Lloyd, C.E., Pouwer, F. (2009). Depression and type 2 diabetes over the lifespan: a meta-analysis response to Mezuk et al. Diabetes Care, 32, 32(5):e56.
Nouwen, A. & Bush, C. (1986). Reply to Dr Biederman's letter to the Editor. Pain, 25, 413-414.
Books & Book Chapters
Lloyd, C.E, Underwood, L., Winkley, K., Nouwen, A., Hermanns, N., Pouwer, F. The epidemiology of diabetes and depression. (2010). In: W. Katon, M. Maj, & N. Sartorius (Eds.). Depression and diabetes. Chichester: John Wiley, pp 1-27.
Nouwen, A. & Oyebode, J. Depression in older adults with diabetes. (2009). In: A.J. Sinclair (Ed.) Diabetes in Old Age, 3rd Edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp 385-401.
Nouwen, A. & Bouchard, S. (1998). Psychological aspects of asthma education. In: L.-P. Boulet (Ed.). Asthma: Theory, Treatment and Education. Montreal: McGill-Queens's University Press.
Nouwen, A. & Bouchard, S. (1997). Aspects psychologiques de l'enseignement aux asthmatiques. In: L.-P. Boulet (Ed.). L'asthme: notions de base et interventions éducatives. Québec: Les Presses de l'Université Laval.
Nouwen, A. (1996). EMG biofeedback and chronic low back pain: The role of the paraspinal muscles, Amsterdam: Free University Press (Doctoral thesis).
Published Abstracts (peer reviewed)
Nouwen, A., Ford, T., Balan, A., & White, D.G. (2011). Illness intrusiveness and the longitudinal predictors of depression in adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia, 54, S957.
Walsh, J., Law, G.U., Queralt, V., McGovern, S., Napier, H., & Nouwen, A. Differences in perceptions of diabetes responsibility and dietary self-efficacy in relation to adolescent and parental diabetes distress. Diabetologia, 54, S943.
Nouwen, A., Ford, T., Balan, A., Twisk, J.W.R., & White, D.G. (2010). Longitudinal motivational predictors of dietary self-care, life satisfaction and diabetes control in adults with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus. Diabetiologia,53, S394.
Nouwen, A., Austin, S., Senécal, C, & Guay, F. (2009). Effects of gender, age, duration of diabetes on dietary self-care in adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a self-determination theory perspective. Diabetologia, 52, S396.
Laguna-Camacho, A., Booth, D.A., Higgs, S., & Nouwen, A. (2008). Eating pattern timing questionnaires: making the number of items manageable. Appetite 51, 762.
Scullion C, Scott-Heyes G, Nouwen A., & Howard, R. (2007). Midwives' ability to estimate women's vulnerability to postnatal emotional difficulties in the first three postnatal months. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 23(3), 246-247.
Warbrick, T., Nouwen, A., Sheffield, D., and Jones, M. (2005), EEG changes in response to
the cold pressor test. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 13(1), 26
Lafontaine, M.F., Heyens, A., Belanger, C., Nouwen, A., & Sabourin, S. (2005). Communication behaviors and spousal support in individuals with type 2 diabetes and their partner: An exploratory study. Psychology and Health 20, 141 Suppl. 1, Aug 2005.
Closa-León, T., Nouwen, A., & Sheffield, D. (2005) Effect of Social Support on Cardiovascular Reactivity and Recovery in Psychosocial Stress. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 13 (1), Feb 2005.
Warbrick, T., Sheffield, D., Nouwen, A. & Jones, M. (2004) Characteristics of electrical stimuli and somatosensory evoked potentials. Proceedings of the British Psychological Society, 12 (1), 73
Bouchard, S. & Nouwen, A. (1997). Assessing treatment mechanism with time series: The existence of two different mechanisms for panic disorder. German Journal of Psychiatry, http://www.gwdg.de/~bbandel/gjp-poster-bouchard.htm.
Nouwen, A. Audet, M.-C. (1996). Stress and diabetes: The use of causality testing and model simulation. International Journal of Psychology, 31, p.113 (216.6).
Nouwen, A., Gingras, J., Talbot, F. & Bouchard, S. (1995). The development of an empirical cognitive and social taxonomy for patients with diabetes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 17, S.70.
Nouwen, A., Audet, M-C., Talbot, F., Bouchard, S., & Courchesne, C. (1994). A time-series approach to the analysis of the relationship between stress and glycemia in a patient with type I diabetes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 16, S90.
Talbot, F., Nouwen, A. & French, D. (1994). Are diabetes-specific expectancies associated with psychological correlates as well as disease-related correlates? Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 16, S88.
Talbot, F., Nouwen, A. & French, D. (1993). Perceived interference, control and social support: Relationship to depression and anxiety in persons with type I and type II diabetes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 15, S. 66.
Nouwen, A., Bouchard, G., Bouchard, S. & Courchesnes, C. (1993). The effects of biofeedback-assisted relaxation training on pain, and self-efficacy in patients with chronic back pain: A multivariate time series approach. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 15, S152.
Bouchard, S., Gauthier, J., Nouwen, A., Ivers, H. & Pelletier, M. H. (1993). Intervention analysis with time series analysis: Application to a patient with panic disorder. Canadian Psychology/Psychologie canadienne, 34 (2A), 303.
Other Key Publications
Nouwen, A. Depression: epidemiology [internet]. 2013 [cited 2013 Mar 15]; Diapedia 61047161504 rev. no. 10. Available from: http://www.diapedia.org/associated-disorders/61047161504/depression-epidemiology
Powell, T., Nouwen, A., Kenward, G., Hague, J., Brown, A., Kienan, M., Belyavin, A. Patient Satisfaction Survey 2007-2011 Final Report. Listening to Service patients. Confidential report to the Ministry of Defence.
Nouwen, A., Lloyd, C.E. (2009). Down, but not out. Invited paper for Public Service Review: Health, 20, 96-97.
Nouwen, A., Turner, B., Ford, T., Clarke, T., & Povey, R. (2000). Empowerment and education of people with diabetes: Executive summary and key recommendations. Confidential policy report for the Diabetes National Service Framework (NSF), Department of Health, UK.