BG09A Building 9, Middlesex University, The Burroughs, Hendon, London NW4 4BT
Malgorzata Korko's talk entitled “Cognitive control in language production” is aimed at anyone interested in psychology, especially cognitive psychology and language production. Students are encouraged to attend. Attendance would benefit both undergraduate and postgraduate research students from psychology and related fields. The Psychology Department Seminar Series presents an opportunity for staff and students at Middlesex University, as well as members of the public, to gain an insight into Psychological research. The talks are followed by lively discussion.
Naming a common object, such as ‘cheese’, takes on average 600 milliseconds. In just over half a second, the speaker, or rather her brain, has performed a series of computations: It has decided on the to-be-conveyed message (CHEESE), accessed syntactic information of a selected lemma (“cheese” is a mass noun), retrieved and assembled its phonological segments ([tʃ][iː][z]) and translated the encoded message into a motor programme ready for articulation. In the ideal scenario, that is.
But single word, and to a greater extent, multiple word production is far from ideal. As we speak, multiple concepts, lexical forms, sound forms and syntactic structures are activated that compete for our attention. How does the speaker manage the competing demands of online language production to select and ultimately produce the sought-after word or phrase?
In this seminar, I will describe how language is produced in the brain and how this process is supported by cognitive functions from outside the language system. I will present data from two studies that integrate experimental and individual differences methods to argue for multiple types of interference that are resolved through shared yet partly distinct cognitive control mechanisms.