Josepha Close

Research Interests

  • Josepha Close - 242Public International Law
  • International Criminal Law
  • Law of Armed Conflicts and the Use of Force
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Transitional Justice
  • Human Rights Law.


  • 2010: Completion of Law degree (bachelor + master) at the University of Li├Ęge (Belgium) with distinction.
  • 2011: Completion of master degree in Public International Law at Queen Mary University (London) with distinction.
  • February 2012: Start of PhD research at Middlesex University.


At the University of Liege, at the master level, I chose to specialize in criminal law (international, European and Belgian). I did an internship at the law firm 'Blanmailland' (Brussels) under the supervision of Luc Walleyn, Belgian lawyer specialised in international criminal law. With his assistance, I worked on a Rwandan case that had been transferred to the Belgian jurisdiction by the ICTR (case of Ephrem Nkezabera). This experience greatly strengthened my interest for international criminal law. My master dissertation analysed the Belgian law on universal jurisdiction.

At Queen Mary University, I specialised in international criminal law and the law of armed conflicts and the use of force. In my dissertation, I analysed the post-conflict mechanisms that had been used in Rwanda and Uganda under the supervision of Doctor Phoebe Okowa. This aroused my interest for transitional justice and for the mechanism of amnesty in particular.

I started my research on 'the status under international law of amnesties granted for international crimes' in February 2012 under the supervision of Professor William Schabas.

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