Dr George Dafoulas, Professor and Director of Programmes in Computer Science and Charles Dennis, Professor of Consumer Behaviour in the Business School, have contributed to a new report by the British Academy exploring how to tackle the rise of digital poverty launched today (23/11).
The Middlesex research team are responsible for the section on analysing secondary data with the overal report.
The “Understanding Digital Poverty and Inequality in the UK” report highlights that across the UK there are huge disparities in digital access, digital skills, usage, and outcomes illustrated by the fact that "among people living on household incomes under £25,000, one in five never use the internet – rising to nearly a third of disabled people and nearly a half of those aged 65 or over". Empowering local initiatives and ensuring consistent and long-term investment are among the key recommendations in the study.
Commenting on the report Professor Dennis said:
"As government and the NHS strive to deliver more services digitally, those in digital poverty are being left behind. Digital poverty affects all ages but particularly older people and those with lower financial resources. Middlesex University research shows that motivation, education and training are just as important."
To inform policy thinking around the crucial challenge of addressing inequality, the British Academy commissioned six projects that examined different aspects of digital poverty in the UK. ‘Understanding Digital Poverty and Inequality in the UK’ highlights these projects’ key findings and identifies six lessons to shape policy that effectively addresses digital poverty and inequality:
1. Addressing digital poverty involves more than improving access – interventions must empower people and places to benefit from digital access.
2. Local resources and intermediaries can be valuable assets in tackling place-based digital poverty, and the public sector has a crucial role to play in enabling them.
3. Strategies to tackle digital poverty are important components of broader policies of tackling inequality.
4. Policies should consider how and why intersecting inequalities are likely to exacerbate. digital poverty and design interventions that can benefit those most at risk of digital poverty
5. People can move in and out of digital poverty over time.
6. Consider policy interventions that can adapt to demographic and economic changes, through consistent and long-term investment.
"As government and the NHS strive to deliver more services digitally, those in digital poverty are being left behind. Digital poverty affects all ages but particularly older people and those with lower financial resources. Middlesex University research shows that motivation, education and training are just as important." Professor Charles Dennis, Middlesex University
The report sits alongside and feeds into an Academy project on Technology and Inequality. The Academy’s Technology and Inequality project was prompted by a request, in early 2022, by Sir Patrick Vallance and the Government Office for Science to conduct an independent project on the topic of technology and inequality. This work seeks to improve our understanding of how government can play a key role in supporting access to, uptake of, and investment in technologies that can be critical to delivering broad public objectives, in a way that ensures inequalities do not become entrenched. A new evidence hub will collate the Academy’s Technology and Inequality work.
Professor Helen Margetts FBA, Professor of Society and the Internet at the University of Oxford, said:
“As digital technology has become increasingly integrated with modern life, it has become essential that people have access to broadband and appropriate digital devices. However, there are wide disparities in people's opportunities to use these technologies and engage digitally. This report highlights the profound impacts of digital inequality across the UK. It will provide policymakers with the evidence necessary to support those who are most marginalised and address wide-ranging inequalities.”