B.A. (Hons) Economics, University of Manchester
M.A. Latin American Studies, University of Liverpool
PhD. London School of Economics and Political Science
Dr Bradshaw joined the University in 1994 and over the years has been Programme Leader for various Development Studies programmes, both at the undergraduate and postgraduate level. She has been involved in the Equal Opportunities and Ethics since joining the University and is currently Chair of the School of Law ethics committee. Her research focuses on the general field of gender and development, with a specific focus on Latin America, and she has published widely in the field.
All the research she undertakes seeks to have a practical as well as academic application, through informing teaching, as the basis of advocacy initiatives seeking to influence policy makers, or being used to promote discussion and action among actors of organised civil society.
During a career break in the late 1990s she began working on women's rights issues in Nicaragua sponsored by Progressio UK (http://www.progressio.org.uk/) and this relationship continues to date.This has meant working closely with actors of the women's movements in Central America and in particular with the Nicaraguan feminist NGO, Puntos de Encuentro (see http://www.puntos.org.ni/). Her work with Puntos involved designing training workshops, working on advocacy campaigns and undertaking research around women's rights. It took her into new and emerging fields such as social communication initiatives for social change, including working on their popular TV 'social soap' (see http://www.sextosentidotv.com/ ).
Living in Nicaragua when Hurricane Mitch struck, during the relief and reconstruction phase Dr Bradshaw worked with the Civil Coordinator for Emergency and Reconstruction (CCER), a consortium of NGOs, groups and movements formed in response to hurricane Mitch in 1998 (http://www.ccer.org.ni/) and was involved in a number of studies looking at post-disaster reconstruction. This interest in 'disasters' has continued, and informs her research, teaching and PhD supervision today, with a book on the topic – Gender, Development and Disasters – recently published by Edward Elgar (http://www.e-elgar.co.uk/search_results.lasso?Author_Name_grp=Sarah%20Bradshaw)
Dr Bradshaw is a member of the Advisory Panel for the Plan International report – Because I am Girl: The state of the world's girls. More recently Dr Bradshaw has been working with the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), a global initiative of the United Nations that works closely with other United Nations agencies, multilateral financing institutions, as well as other international organizations seeking to help shape the post-2015 development agenda (http://unsdsn.org/).
Ensuring quality of content through research led teaching;
Supporting student learning through creative assessment;
Providing practical skills for future development practitioners;
Promoting diversity and equal opportunities within the curriculum
Post-disaster relief and reconstruction;
Policy and policy evaluation;
Gender and Development
The post-2015 development agenda; Gender and development; Gendered post-disaster relief and reconstruction interventions; NGOs, social movements and civil society; Poverty and poverty reduction strategies; rights and rights based approaches; gender roles and relations within households.
Public output from research and scholarly activity - post 2001
Peer-reviewed journal articles
Bradshaw, Sarah (2014) Engendering Development and Disasters. Disasters Special Issue: Building resilience to disasters post-2015, 39:1, 54–75
Bradshaw, S. (2013) 'Women's decision-making in rural and urban households in Nicaragua: the influence of income and ideology', Environment and Urbanization, 25:1, 81 – 94
Bradshaw, S. (2009) 'Engendering disasters: Feminisation of response or a feminisation of responsibility?' Regional Development Dialogue, 30:1, 123-131
Bradshaw, S. with Quirós Víquez, A (2008) 'Women Beneficiaries or Women Bearing the Cost? A gendered analysis of the Red de Protección Social in Nicaragua' in Development and Change, 39(5), 823-844
Bradshaw, S (2008) 'An Unholy Trinity: The Church, the State, the Banks and the Challenges for Women Mobilising for Change in Nicaragua' in IDS Bulletin 39:6. Special edition 'Reclaiming Feminism: Gender and Neo-liberalism'
Bradshaw, Sarah (2008) 'From Structural Adjustment to Social Adjustment: A Gendered Analysis of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes in Mexico and Nicaragua' in Global Social Policy, 8:1, 188-207
Bradshaw, Sarah (2006) 'Is the rights focus the right focus? Considerations of the utility of the Rights Based Approach for women's movements in Nicaragua' Forthcoming in Third World Quarterly 27:7
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2003) 'Civil Society Responses to Poverty Reduction Strategies: The case of Nicaragua' Progress in Development Studies, 3:2, 146-157
Bradshaw, Sarah (2002) 'Exploring the gender dimensions of reconstruction processes post-hurricane Mitch' Journal of International Development 14, 871 –879 Bradshaw, Sarah (2001) 'Reconstructing Roles and Relations: Women's participation in reconstruction in post-Mitch Nicaragua' Gender and Development, 9:3, 79 – 87
Authored monographs / books
Bradshaw, Sarah (2013) Gender, Development and Disasters. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham/Northampton
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2003) Challenging Women's Poverty: Perspectives on gender and poverty reduction strategies from Nicaragua and Honduras, CIIR-ICD Briefing, CIIR-ICD London.
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2003) Desafiando la pobreza: Perspectivas de genero y estrategias para la reduccion de la pobreza en Nicaragua y Honduras CIIR-ICD Briefing, CIIR-ICD London.
Bradshaw, Sarah (2002) Gendered Poverties and Power Relations: Looking inside communities and households / La pobreza no es la misma ni es igual: Relaciones de poder dentro y fuera del hogar. Puntos de Encuentro: Managau, Nicaragua (bilingual publication). http://www.undp.org/povertycentre/publications/gender/Gendered_Poverties_andPowerRelations-Nicaragua-Bradshaw-Sept.pdf
Bradshaw, Sarah (2001) Dangerous Liaisons: Women, Men and Hurricane Mitch / Relaciones Peligrosas: Mujeres, Hombres y el Mitch. Puntos de Encuentro: Managau, Nicaragua (bilingual publication).
Chapters in edited books
Bradshaw, Sarah (2014) 'From Structural Adjustment to Social Adjustment: A Gendered Analysis of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes in Mexico and Nicaragua', Global Social Policy, 2008, 8, 2, reprinted in Chant, S and Beetham, G (eds) (2015) Gender, Poverty, and Development. Volume IV: Gender, Poverty, and Policy Interventions. Routledge: Abingdon, Oxon
Bradshaw, Sarah (2014) 'Double Disaster: Disaster risk through a gender lens' in A. Collins (ed) Natural Hazards, Risks and Disasters in Society, Elsevier
Bradshaw, Sarah (2010) 'Feminisation or De-Feminisation? Gendered experiences of poverty post-disaster', in Sylvia Chant (ed) International Handbook on Gender and Poverty. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham/Northampton, 627 - 632
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2010) 'Poverty alleviation in a changing policy and political context: The case of PRSPs in Latin America', in Sylvia Chant (ed) International Handbook on Gender and Poverty. Edward Elgar Cheltenham/Northampton, , 516 - 521
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2009) 'Gender Perspectives on Disaster Reconstruction in Nicaragua: Reconstructing roles and relations?' Elaine Enarson and Dhar Chakrabarti (eds) Women, Gender and Disaster: Global issues and initiatives, Sage: India, 75 – 88
Bradshaw, Sarah, Castillo, Vilma, Criquillion, Ana and Wilson, Goya (2008) 'Women Mobilising to Defend Abortion Rights in Nicaragua: Is therapeutic abortion the wrong right to promote?' in Maitrayee Mukhopadhya (ed) Gender, Rights and Development. Gender, Society and Development series, KIT: Amsterdam, 57 – 68
Bradshaw, Sarah (2007) 'Is the Rights Focus the Right Focus? Nicaraguan responses to the rights agenda' in Maxine Molyneux and Andrea Cornwall (eds) The Politics of Rights: Dilemmas for Feminist Praxis. Routledge: London, 155 -167
Bradshaw, Sarah, Linneker, Brian and Quirós Víquez, Ana (2003) 'Las mujeres en Nicaragua, la pobreza y como se pretende reducirla' in GTZ (2003) Reducción de la Pobreza, Gobernabilidad Democrática y Equidad de Genero, Tomo I, Servicios Gráficos TMC, Managua, Nicaragua, 197 –212. ISBN 99924-0-255-5
Bradshaw, Sarah, Linneker, Brian and Zuniga, Rebeca (2002) 'Social Roles and Spatial Relations of NGOs and Civil Society' in Cathy McIlwaine and Katie Willis (eds) Challenges and Change in Middle America: Perspectives on Development in Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. Pearson Education: Harlow, England, 243-269. ISBN 0-58240-485-1.
Bradshaw, Sarah (2001) 'Reconstructing Roles and Relations: Women's participation in reconstruction in post-Mitch Nicaragua'. In Caroline Sweetman (ed.) Gender, development and Humanitarian Work, Oxfam: Oxford, 79-87.
Bradshaw, Sarah with Linneker, Brian (2014) Gender and Environmental Change in the Developing World. IIED Working Paper. IIED, London.
Bradshaw, S with Castellino, J and Diop, B (2013) Women's role in economic development: Overcoming the constraints Background paper prepared for the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, Sustainable Development Soultions Network, The Uited Nations, May 2013
Bradshaw, Sarah (2013) 'Bridging the Humanitarain-Development divide', Opinion piece in In Double Jeopardy: Adolescent girls and disasters Because I am a Girl report: the state of the world's girls 2013. Plan International, UK.
Bradshaw, Sarah and Fordham, Maureen (2013) Women and Girls in Disasters report produced for the Department for International Development, UK
Bradshaw, Sarah (2011) 'Decisiones Económicas e Intimas de las Mujeres' (Women's Economic and Intimate Decisions). Puntos de Encuentro, Nicaragua. http://sidoc.puntos.org.ni/isis_sidoc/documentos/13137/13137_00.pdf
Bradshaw, Sarah (2004) Socio-economic Impacts of Natural Disasters: A gender analysis United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) Serie Manuales 32. ISSN1680-886X. Available: http://www.unifem.org/campaigns/tsunami/documents/ECLAC_gender_analysis.pdf
Bradshaw, Sarah with Arenas, Ángeles (2004) Análisis de género en la evaluación de los efectos socioeconómicos de los desastres naturales Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), Serie Manuales 33. ISSN1680-886X.
Bradshaw, Sarah, Quirós Víquez, Ana, and Linneker, Brian (2004) Gender Mainstreaming in Poverty Reduction Strategies. CISAS: Nicaragua. ISBN 99924 – 65- 06 -9
UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) (2013) Achieving Gender Equality, Social Inclusion, and Human Rights for All: Challenges and Priorities for the Sustainable Development Agenda, Report of the SDSN Thematic Group on Challenges of Social Inclusion: Gender, Inequalities, and Human Rights. September 2013. http://unsdsn.org/files/2013/09/130917_TG3_Final_report.pdf
Gender and Disasters Network (2006) Gender and Disasters Sourcebook, On line publication funded by the Public Entity Risk Institute and the Pacific Disaster Center, USA http://www.gdnonline.org/sourcebook.htm
International Budget Project (2003) Índice Latinoamericano de Transparencia Presupuestaria: Una comparación de 10 países. International Budget Project, Washington DC
ECLAC (2003) Handbook for Estimating the Socio-Economic and Environmental Effects of Disasters. United Nations, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (The World Bank), 2003.
CCER (2001) La Nicaragua que Queremos: Enfoque y Prioridades para una Estrategia Resultado del Proceso de Consulta, Debate y Análisis Civil Coordinator for Emergency and Reconstruction, June 2001.
CIETinternational (2001) Principales Resultados de la Auditoría Social sobre la condición de la pobreza - Fase 3, Civil Coordinator for Emergency and Reconstruction: Mnagua, Nicaragua.
Gender, Climate Change and Sustainable Cities in the Post-2015 Sustainable Development Agenda, paper presented at 'Engendering Cities: Designing Sustainable and Inclusive Urban Environments, conference of the Italian Presidency of the European Union under the patronage of UNESCO, Rome, 25 and 26 September 2014
Social protection in the post-2015 development agenda: what relevance has it for promoting gender equality in Latin America?' paper presented at the annual conference of the Society for Latin American Studies, Birkbeck, University of London 3rd - 4th April, 2014
'Gender, Disasters and Climate Change: Where do they fit in the post-2015 discourse?' paper presented at the International Workshop on Gender and Environmental change: Identifying the future action research agenda, International Institute for Environment and Development, London, 17th –18th March 2014
Reconstructing Patriarchies? The feminisation of response and responsibility post-disaster' paper presented at The Gendered Dimensions of Natural Disasters, Association of American Geographers annual conference, April 2013, Los Angeles.
'Engendering development, engendering disasters? paper presented at Development Studies Association Study Group Meeting on 'Gender Analysis of Development Policy: Is anybody listening?', Birbkeck, University of London, February 1st 2013
'Does women's work, work for women? The influence of work on economic and intimate decision making in low income Nicaraguan households', paper presented at the International Association for Feminist Economics (IAFFE) Annual Conference, June 2012, Barcelona, Spain
'Risk and protection in the disasters and development discourses' paper presented at Gender and Social Policy in Latin America: Current Research Directions workshop, 10th May 2011, Senate House, University of London
Keynote speaker: 'Men, women and disasters: masculinities v feminisation', in 'Gender and Disasters' panel at the Second Indian Disaster Management Congress. Indian National Institute for Disaster Management, November 2009
Invited panellist: 'Reclaiming Feminisms' Institute of Development Studies, Sussex, July 2007 Invited speaker: 'Central America: Challenged transition?', Institute for the Study of the Americas/Chatham House, June 2007
Panellist: 'Feminist Perspectives on Rights-Based Development', Institute of Development Studies, Sussex September 2006
Plenary speaker: 'Grassroots initiatives and best practice', Gender Equality & Risk Reduction Conference, Honolulu, Hawai'i, August 2004
Convener: 'Women's Movements: Challenges and Responses' Annual conference of the Society for Latin American Studies, University of Manchester, April 2003
Workshop: 'Poverty in a Globalising World: Debating theory and practice', DARG, Royal Geographical Society, Queen Mary University of London, September 2001.
Key note speaker at the Copenhagen Centre for Disaster Research 'Master Class on Disaster Risk Reduction', University of Copenhagen, 11- 12 December 2014Invited speaker at the Geographical Association Annual Conference and Exhibition – Crossing Boundaries – University of Surrey, April 14th– 16th2014
Opening plenary speaker at the United Nations Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality and the OECD/DAC Network on Gender Equality joint biennial workshop on 'Gender Equality, Women's Rights and Women's Empowerment: Cornerstones for achieving the MDGs and accelerating development beyond 2015'.
Invited participant at the High Level Panel's Academic Consultation on the Post-2015 Environment: Crafting a Current and Future Research Agenda, 13 June 2013, New York.
Invited participant in the 'Conflict and disasters group' of the 'Expert Group Meeting on Gender and Agriculture' hosted by the World Bank, FAO and IFAD. The World Bank, Washington, March 2009
Invited speaker on the panel 'The consolidation of democracy' at the Central American Forum, hosted by Canning House and supported by the Office of Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs and the Embassies of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador, 12th - 15th November 2007
'Critical perspectives on DfID's Latin America Regional Assistance Plan' to the Latin American team of the UK Government Department for International Development (DfID), June 2005.
'Gender, Poverty and the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative' paper presented at a meeting organised by the All Party Parliamentary Group on HIPC with Patricia Hewitt, Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, House of Commons, March 2004
'Poverty Reduction Strategies in Central America: The civil society response' paper presented to a meeting of Members of the European Commission, Brussels, June 2002 organised by the European Network on Debt and Development (EURODAD).
'Engendering Poverty Reduction Strategies in Central America' paper presented at a meeting organised by International Cooperation for Development (ICD/CIIR) and chaired by John Battle, MP, House of Commons, June 2002.
BBC Radio Four, 'Woman's Hour', 28th November 2005 (Gender based violence post disaster) Listen to the interview at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/2005_48_mon_02.shtml
BBC World Service, 'Reporting Religion' broadcast Sunday 10th November 2006 (Nicaraguan abortion law)
BBC Radio Four, 'Woman's Hour', November 13th 2006 (Change in government in Nicaragua) Listen to the interview at: http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/womanshour/04/2006_46_mon.shtml
BBC World Service, 'Health Check' broadcast Monday 25th December 2006 (Nicaraguan abortion law)
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian and Overton, Lisa (2017) Extractive industries as sites of supernormal profits and supernormal patriarchy? Gender & Development, 25 (3). pp. 439-454. ISSN 1355-2074
Bradshaw, Sarah and Chant, Sylvia and Linneker, Brian (2017) Gender and poverty: what we know, don’t know, and need to know for Agenda 2030. Gender, Place and Culture . ISSN 0966-369X (Published online first)
Bradshaw, Sarah (2016) The humanitarian-development divide. Paper prepared for the Solutions Alliance Roundtable, 9- 10 February 2016, Brussels, Belgium. Discussion Paper. Solutions Alliance Roundtable, Brussels, Belgium.
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian and Overton, Lisa (2016) Gender and social accountability: ensuring women’s inclusion in citizen-led accountability programming relating to extractive industries. Oxfam America, Research Backgrounder, April 2016. Working Paper. Oxfam America. (Accepted/In press)
Bradshaw, Sarah and Linneker, Brian (2016) The gendered terrain of disaster risk reduction including climate change adaptation. In: Handbook of Disaster Risk Reduction Including Climate Change Adaptation. Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon. (Accepted/In press)
ADEPT: developing the ecosystem Approach to Derive Positive urban Transformations in the context of intersecting vulnerabilities. Awarded under RCUK-CONFAP Research Partnership scheme (with Meri Juntti and Lian Lundy) January 2015 - January 2016
Evidence Synthesis Research Award (ESRA) Gender Theme, ESRC/DFID Joint Poverty Alleviation Fund scheme (with Erin Sanders-McDonagh) June 2014 – May 2015'Bridging the humanitarian-development divide' awarded under the British Academy/Leverhulme Small Research Grants programme, April 2014 – July 2015.
'Gender and Environmental Change' report commissioned by International Institute for Environment and Development, UK, January - March 2014
'Women and Girls in Disaster' report commissioned by Department for International Development, UK, August 2013'Women's role in economic development: Overcoming the constraints' Background paper prepared for the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, May 2013
'Women and Girls in Disaster' report commissioned by Department for International Development, UK, August 2013
'Gender and Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery' Production of a Training Course for Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, United Nations Development Program, October 2009
'Gender and land rights in disaster management settings' Consultancy for the Food and Agricultural Agency (FAO), United Nations, June 2007
Through work with women's groups and movements in Central America Dr Bradshaw seeks to ensure all her research has a practical as well academic impact. Her most recent research/training initiative working with the Nicaraguan feminist NGO – Puntos de Encuentro - focussed on how the economic and the 'intimate' aspects of life are linked. The findings of the study were published in Nicaragua in 2011 as Decisiones Económicas e Intimas de las Mujeres (Women's Economic and Intimate Decisions) (see http://sidoc.puntos.org.ni/isis_sidoc/documentos/13137/13137_00.pdf ).
The document was circulated to key national and international non-governmental and governmental actors in Central America. The publication was accompanied by a series of activities undertaken by staff of Puntos in Nicaragua, including: Three regional workshops plus a 'national' workshop held in the capital, Managua, to discuss the key findings and what they mean for those working to promote women's rights, Publication of a 'workbook' based on the findings to be used by women's groups and other organisations to work on the theme with grass roots organisations etc; Regional and one national 'Points of View' sessions - presentation of the key findings followed by debate on the topic, included participation of representatives from local and national government; A 'popular' version of the key findings has also been published. Written to be understood by the 'average' Nicaraguan it was circulated as a supplement in the magazine La Boletina with an estimated readership of 150,000 women across the country. Academic presentations and articles have also been produced based on the findings.
More recently Dr Bradshaw has been involved with the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN) with the Thematic Group responsible for setting the agenda on social inclusion, gender and human rights. The SDSN worked to support and influence the High Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the post-2015 development agenda (http://www.post2015hlp.org/ ), which David Cameron jointly chaired. The SDSN provided background reports to support their work including a report on 'Women's role in economic development' (http://www.post2015hlp.org/the-report/ ) for which she was lead author. The group seeks to generate 'solutions and remedies' from best practice around the world that would seek to address entrenched inequality, and provide the basis for vulnerable groups' access to the fruits of socio-economic development, and in this way influence the on-going inter-governmental process that will determine the new Sustainable Development Goals that will frame global development policy until 2030.